(Pinus sylvestris, Pinus nigra, Pinus pinaster)
Pine hydrolate is produced by steam distillation of pine needles and cones of black pine (Pinus nigra), red pine (Pinus sylvestris), and coastal pine (Pinus pinaster).
Red pine is up to 40 m high tree, with trunk diameter of up to 1.5 m. Bark of young trees is inconspicuous, brown, while it peels off from the top part of the trunk and branches of older trees and uncovers intense orange red colour. Bark is reddish on the branches. Needles grow in pairs and are kept on a tree for three years. They are blue-green in colour. On adult plants, they are 5 to 7, sometimes up to 11 cm long. Red pine can live up to 300 years and it is spread over Europe and Central Asia.
Black pine is up to 40m high tree. Its bark is black or red-violet and cracked. Needles grow in pairs and are 8 to 15 cm long. Cones do not have stubble, and are up to 8 cm long. Black pine can live up to 600 years. It is spread over the Mediterranean region and in Asia Minor.
The seaside pine grows up to 40m high, with bark being initially bright, and later red-brown, and strongly cracked. Needles grow in pairs and are up to 15 cm long. Cones are 22cm long. It grows in the Mediterranean region.
Hydrolate contains 36% eucalyptol, 29-31% alcohol, and 13-16% ketones. It is analgesic, anticoagulant, anti-infectious, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, bactericidal, soothing, digestive, expectorant, mucolytic, sedative, and stimulating.
Pine tree hydrolate is especially suitable for small children, we can massage baby's chest with it in the event of respiratory disease, and prepare inhalations as it dissolves the mucus in the respiratory tract, thus being expectorant in cough and breathing. In winter, it can be used to humidify rooms, as we humidify and disinfect the room, thus exploiting its antiseptic, antibacterial, and fungicidal properties. It works tonically on the whole body and calms the spirit. For the latter, it can be used in baths, evaporators, and saunas.
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Lemon verbena is a tall leafy bush with lanceolate and fragrant leaves and small, white or pink flowers. Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of leaves. Lemon verbena is spread over South America, and, since the 18th century, it is known in Europe as an ornamental and medicinal plant. Some people also prepare tea from its leaves and parts of stem.
Winter is right around the corner and slowly, but steadily, we have to deal with cold and similar infectious diseases. We dedicated this record to aromatherapy inhalations using nasal inhalers for driving off these “winter inconveniences”. We hope that you will reach for these natural remedies.